EFEK POSITIF LATIHAN PLIOMETRIK TERHADAP PENINGKATAN KELINCAHAN PADA ATLET DENGAN RIWAYAT CEDERA KRONIK ANKLE SPRAIN

Positive Effects of Plyometric Exercise on Increasing Agility in Athletes with a History of Chronic Ankle Sprain Injury

Authors

  • Cakra Waritsu Universitas Muhammadiyah Surabaya
  • Ken Siwi
  • Nurul Faj’ri Romadhona
  • Al Vurqon Ramadhani

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33023/jikep.v9i1.1402

Keywords:

Latihan pliometrik; mini hurdle; ankle sprain; kelincahan

Abstract

Pendahuluan : Pliometrik merupakan bentuk latihan strength and conditioning yang sangat populer dan telah dipelajari secara ekstensif selama beberapa dekade terakhir. Latihan pliometrik dapat meningkatkan kelincahan, komponen penting dalam permainan sepak bola. Namun, efek latihan pliometrik terhadap peningkatan kelincahan masih menjadi perdebatan. Tujuan: untuk membuktikan efek latihan pliometrik terhadap peningkatan kelincahan pada atlet dengan riwayat cedera kronik ankle sprain. Metode: Penelitian ini adalah pre-eksperimen dengan rancangan penelitian One Groups Pretest-Posttest Design. Sebanyak 12 remaja laki-laki usia 16 – 19 tahun, indeks masa tubuh (IMT) 18 – 23 kg/m2, tekanan darah normal, denyut jantung istirahat normal dan memiliki riwayat cedera ankle sprain melalui hasil pemeriksaan Chronic Ankle Instability Tools (CAIT), Foot and Ankle Ability Measure (FAAM), Sports Subscale, Single Hop Test and Multiple Hop Test) dengan hasil positif ikut berkontribusi dalam penelitian. Intervensi latihan pliometrik (Mini Hurdle, Z-Drill dan Y-Shaped) dilakukan 4 kali/minggu selama 4 minggu dan dilakukan pada pukul 07.00–09.00 WIB. Pengukuran kelincahan dilakukan sebelum dan setelah 4 minggu latihan pliometrik dengan menggunakan T-Test (satuan detik). Hasil: Hasil penelitian menunjukkan terdapat peningkatan signifikan kecepatan kelincahan antara pretest vs. posttest (p ? 0,001) Kesimpulan: Berdasarkan hasil penelitian disimpulkan latihan pliometrik yang dilakukan 4x/minggu selama 4 minggu efektif dalam meningkatkan kecepatan kelincahan

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Bate, D. (1996). Soccer skills practice. Science and soccer. London: E & FN Spon, 227-241.

Bedoya, A. A., Miltenberger, M. R., & Lopez, R. M. (2015). Plyometric Training Effects on Athletic Performance in Youth Soccer Athletes: A Systematic Review. Journal of strength and conditioning research, 29(8), 2351–2360. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000000877.

Craig, B. W. (2004). What is the scientific basis of speed and agility?. Strength & Conditioning Journal, 26(3), 13-14.

De Vaus, D. A. (2014). Surveys in social research. Sydney, Australia: Allen & Unwin.

Faude, O., Koch, T., & Meyer, T. (2012). Straight sprinting is the most frequent action in goal situations in professional football. Journal of sports sciences, 30(7), 625–631. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2012.665940.

Fernandez-Fernandez, J., Saez de Villarreal, E., Sanz-Rivas, D., & Moya, M. (2016). The Effects of 8-Week Plyometric Training on Physical Performance in Young Tennis Players. Pediatric exercise science, 28(1), 77–86. https://doi.org/10.1123/pes.2015-0019.

França, C., Gouveia, É., Caldeira, R., Marques, A., Martins, J., Lopes, H., Henriques, R., & Ihle, A. (2022). Speed and Agility Predictors among Adolescent Male Football Players. International journal of environmental research and public health, 19(5), 2856. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19052856.

Gabbett, T. J., Kelly, J. N., & Sheppard, J. M. (2008). Speed, change of direction speed, and reactive agility of rugby league players. Journal of strength and conditioning research, 22(1), 174–181. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e31815ef700.

Gabbett, T., & Benton, D. (2009). Reactive agility of rugby league players. Journal of science and medicine in sport, 12(1), 212–214. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2007.08.011.

Haj-Sassi, R., Dardouri, W., Gharbi, Z., Chaouachi, A., Mansour, H., Rabhi, A., & Mahfoudhi, M. E. (2011). Reliability and validity of a new repeated agility test as a measure of anaerobic and explosive power. Journal of strength and conditioning research, 25(2), 472–480. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3182018186.

Kim, S., Rhi, S. Y., Kim, J., & Chung, J. S. (2022). Plyometric training effects on physical fitness and muscle damage in high school baseball players. Physical activity and nutrition, 26(1), 1–7. https://doi.org/10.20463/pan.2022.0001.

Lesinski, M., Prieske, O., Helm, N., & Granacher, U. (2017). Effects of Soccer Training on Anthropometry, Body Composition, and Physical Fitness during a Soccer Season in Female Elite Young Athletes: A Prospective Cohort Study. Frontiers in physiology, 8, 1093. https://doi.org/10.3389/fphys.2017.01093.

Loturco, I., Kobal, R., Kitamura, K., Cal Abad, C. C., Faust, B., Almeida, L., & Pereira, L. A. (2017). Mixed Training Methods: Effects of Combining Resisted Sprints or Plyometrics with Optimum Power Loads on Sprint and Agility Performance in Professional Soccer Players. Frontiers in physiology, 8, 1034. https://doi.org/10.3389/fphys.2017.01034.

Makmara. T. (2009). Tuturan persuasif wiraniaga dalam Berbahasa Indonesia: Kajian etnografi komunikasi. (Unpublished master’s thesis) Universitas Negeri Malang, Malang, Indonesia.

Markovic, G., & Mikulic, P. (2010). Neuro-musculoskeletal and performance adaptations to lower-extremity plyometric training. Sports medicine (Auckland, N.Z.), 40(10), 859–895. https://doi.org/10.2165/11318370-000000000-00000.

McKenzie, H., Boughton, M., Hayes, L., & Forsyth, S. (2008). Explaining the complexities and value of nursing practice and knowledge. In I. Morley & M. Crouch (Eds.), Knowledge as value: Illumination through critical prisms (pp. 209-224). Amsterdam, Netherlands: Rodopi.

Meylan, C., & Malatesta, D. (2009). Effects of in-season plyometric training within soccer practice on explosive actions of young players. Journal of strength and conditioning research, 23(9), 2605–2613. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181b1f330.

Mijatovic, D., Krivokapic, D., Versic, S., Dimitric, G., & Zenic, N. (2022). Change of Direction Speed and Reactive Agility in Prediction of Injury in Football; Prospective Analysis over One Half-Season. Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland), 10(3), 440. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare10030440.

Miller, J. M., Hilbert, S. C., & Brown, L. E. (2001). Speed, quickness, and agility training for senior tennis players. Strength & Conditioning Journal, 23(5), 62.

Miller, M. G., Herniman, J. J., Ricard, M. D., Cheatham, C. C., & Michael, T. J. (2006). The effects of a 6-week plyometric training program on agility. Journal of sports science & medicine, 5(3), 459–465.

Parsons, L. S., & Jones, M. T. (1998). Development of speed, agility, and quickness for tennis athletes. Strength & Conditioning Journal, 20(3), 14-19.

Pojskic, H., Åslin, E., Krolo, A., Jukic, I., Uljevic, O., Spasic, M., & Sekulic, D. (2018). Importance of Reactive Agility and Change of Direction Speed in Differentiating Performance Levels in Junior Soccer Players: Reliability and Validity of Newly Developed Soccer-Specific Tests. Frontiers in physiology, 9, 506. https://doi.org/10.3389/fphys.2018.00506.

Putra, E. M., Handarini, D. M., & Muslihati, M. (2019). Keefektifan achievement motivation training untuk meningkatkan motivasi berprestasi siswa sekolah menengah pertama. Jurnal Kajian Bimbingan dan Konseling, 4(2), 62-68.

Ramírez-delaCruz, M., Bravo-Sánchez, A., Esteban-García, P., Jiménez, F., & Abián-Vicén, J. (2022). Effects of Plyometric Training on Lower Body Muscle Architecture, Tendon Structure, Stiffness and Physical Performance: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Sports medicine - open, 8(1), 40. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40798-022-00431-0.

Slimani, M., Chamari, K., Miarka, B., Del Vecchio, F. B., & Chéour, F. (2016). Effects of Plyometric Training on Physical Fitness in Team Sport Athletes: A Systematic Review. Journal of human kinetics, 53, 231–247. https://doi.org/10.1515/hukin-2016-0026.

Scheinin, P. (2009). Using student assessment to improve teaching and educational policy. In M. O'Keefe, E. Webb, & K. Hoad (Eds.), Assessment and student learning: Collecting, interpreting and using data to inform teaching (pp. 12-14). Melbourne, Australia: Australian Council for Educational Research.

Svensson, M., & Drust, B. (2005). Testing soccer players. Journal of sports sciences, 23(6), 601–618. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640410400021294.

Thomas, K., French, D., & Hayes, P. R. (2009). The effect of two plyometric training techniques on muscular power and agility in youth soccer players. Journal of strength and conditioning research, 23(1), 332–335. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e318183a01a.

Yap, C. W., & Brown, L. E. (2000). Development of speed, agility, and quickness for the female soccer athlete. Strength & Conditioning Journal, 22(1), 9.

Young, W. B., McDowell, M. H., & Scarlett, B. J. (2001). Specificity of sprint and agility training methods. Journal of strength and conditioning research, 15(3), 315–319

Published

2023-02-25

How to Cite

Waritsu, C., Siwi, K. ., Romadhona, N. F. ., & Ramadhani, A. V. . (2023). EFEK POSITIF LATIHAN PLIOMETRIK TERHADAP PENINGKATAN KELINCAHAN PADA ATLET DENGAN RIWAYAT CEDERA KRONIK ANKLE SPRAIN: Positive Effects of Plyometric Exercise on Increasing Agility in Athletes with a History of Chronic Ankle Sprain Injury. Jurnal Ilmiah Keperawatan (Scientific Journal of Nursing), 9(1), 82-86. https://doi.org/10.33023/jikep.v9i1.1402