PENGALAMAN PRAKTIK KLINIS MAHASISWA KEPERAWATAN DI INTENSIVE CARE UNIT (ICU): STUDI KUALITATIF

Clinical Practice Experience of Nursing Students in Intensive Care Unit (ICU): Qualitative Study

Authors

  • Fitria Hawatun Nisa Fakultas Keperawatan Universitas Jember
  • Baskoro Setioputro
  • Yeni Fitria

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33023/jikep.v9i5.1425

Keywords:

clinical practice, nursing students, intensive care unit, experience, learning

Abstract

Pendahuluan : Praktik klinis merupakan komponen inti dalam program pendidikan keperawatan yang memberikan kesempatan untuk meningkatkan  pengetahuan, sikap, dan keterampilan di lingkungan yang nyata. Salah satu unit yang baik untuk mendukung pengembangan tersebut adalah unit Keperawatan Kritis di ICU. Namun, disamping banyaknya peluang, kondisi kompleks di ruang ICU juga menjadi tekanan yang memunculkan persepsi negatif pada mahasiswa sebelum memasuki area praktik. Hal ini menyebabkan masalah psikologis lanjut seperti terjadinya stress, depresi, dan masalah psikologis lainnya. Peneliti tertarik untuk mengeksplorasi pengalaman mahasiswa keperawatan praktik klinis di ICU dengan  harapan dapat membantu memberikan gambaran pada mahasiswa sebelum memasuki praktik klinis untuk persiapan yang lebih baik. Tujuan:  untuk mengetahui pengalaman mahasiswa praktik klinis keperawatan di ICU. Metode: Menggunakan metode kualitatif pendekatan fenomenologi. Partisipan dalam penelitian ini adalah lima mahasiswa praktik di ICU RSUP Sanglah Bali dengan teknik purposive sampling. Data diambil dengan melakukan In Deep Interview dan diolah menggunakan metode analisa data kualitatif (Creswell, 2014). Hasil : Hasil penelitian digambarkan oleh 3 tema besar yaitu pengalaman pembelajaran kognitif, pengalaman pembelajaran afektif, serta pengalaman pembelajaran psikomotor.  Pengalaman mahasiswa praktik di ICU yang bersifat membangun kearah positif dapat terjadi jika mahasiswa mampu beradaptasi dengan baik, begitu pula sebaliknya. Mahasiswa praktik rentan mengalami permasalahan psikologis selama praktik klinis di ICU, oleh karena itu, dukungan dari orang-orang terdekat menjadi sangat penting dalam memotivasi mahasiswa untuk beradaptasi dengan lingkungan klinisnya. Kesimpulan: Praktik klinis di ICU memberikan banyak potensi positif serta manfaat terhadap perkembangan pembelajaran mahasiswa meskipun banyak tantangan dan hambatan dalam pelaksanaannya.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Acampado, A. G. (2019) ‘Understanding Experience: Dewey’s Philosophy’, International Journal of Educational Research and Studies, 1(1), pp. 1–6.

Almeida, R. de O. et al. (2019) ‘Newly Undergraduate Nurses And Intensive Care In Units Of Non-Critical Patients’, Revista brasileira de enfermagem, 72(Suppl 1), pp. 243–251.

Bongar, M. V. V., Pangan, F. C. and Macindo, J. R. B. (2019) ‘Characteristics of a critical care clinical placement programme affecting critical care nursing competency of baccalaureate nursing students: A structural equation modelling’, Journal of Clinical Nursing, 28(9–10), pp. 1760–1770.

Ewertsson, M. et al. (2017) ‘Tensions In learning Professional Identities - Nursing Students’ Narratives And Participation In Practical Skills During Their Clinical Practice: An Ethnographic study’, BMC Nursing, 16(1), pp. 1–8.

Garcia, M. G. et al. (2020) ‘Nursing Students ’ Experiences of Clinical Practices in Emergency and Intensive Care Units’, International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17, pp. 1–14.

Hamed Hilal, A. and Said Alabri, S. (2013) ‘Using NVivo For Data Analysis In Qualitative Research’, International Interdisciplinary Journal of Education, 2(2), pp. 181–186.

Jamshidi, N. et al. (2016) ‘The Challenges of Nursing Students in the Clinical Learning Environment: A Qualitative Study’, Scientific World Journal, 2016, pp. 1–7.

Kalyani, M. N. et al. (2019) ‘How Do Nursing Students Experience The Clinical Learning Environment And Respond To Their Experiences? A Qualitative Study’, BMJ Open, 9(7), pp. 1–8.

Kananu Njue Mugoh, E. and Wanjira Njue Kamau, M. (2020) ‘Influence Of Students Perception/Staff Attitude In The Clinical Areas On Student’s Learning In Mathare Teaching And Referral Hospital, Nairobi, Kenya’, American Journal of Nursing Science, 9(2), p. 47.

Lawal, J. et al. (2015) ‘Factors That Influence The Clinical Learning Experience Of Nursing Students At a Caribbean School Of Nursing’, Journal of Nursing Education and Practice, 6(4), pp. 32–39.

Lenaini, I. (2021) ‘Teknik Pengambilan Sampel Purposive Dan Snowball Sampling’, Jurnal Kajian, penelitian & Pengambilan Pendidikan Sejarah, 6(1), pp. 33–39.

Marshall, J. C. et al. (2017) ‘What Is An Intensive Care Unit? A Report Of The Task Force Of The World Federation Of Societies Of Intensive And Critical Care Medicine’, Journal of Critical Care, 37, pp. 270–276.

Menteri Kesehatan Republik Indonesia (2010) ‘Keputusan Menteri Kesehatan Republik Indonesia Nomor 1778/MENKES/SKIXII/2010’.

Nuhidayati, T. and Muhsinatun (2018) ‘Gambaran Kecemasan Mahasiswa Profesi Ners Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang’, Prosiding Seminar Nasional UNIMUS, 1, pp. 33–41.

Ozcan, E. et al. (2019) ‘Alarm In The ICU! Envisioning Patient Monitoring And Alarm Management in Future Intensive Care Units’, Service Design and Service Thinking in Healthcare and Hospital Management, pp. 421–446.

Press, C. U. (2022) EXPERIENCE | meaning in the Cambridge English Dictionary. Available at: https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/experience (Accessed: 28 April 2022).

Tang, C. Y. (2021) ‘Learning Experience Of Chinese Nursing Students During Clinical Practicum: A Descriptive Qualitative Study’, Nursing Reports, 11(2), pp. 495–505.

Wang, J. (2021) Clinical practice in ICU contributes bet- ter learning results to nursing students and newly graduated nurses A Literature Review.

Williams, E. and Palmer, C. (2014) ‘Student Nurses In Critical Care: Benefits And Challenges Of Critical Care As a Learning Environment For Student Nurses’, Nursing in Critical Care, 19(6), pp. 310–315.

Published

2023-10-30

How to Cite

Nisa, F. H. ., Setioputro, B. ., & Fitria, Y. (2023). PENGALAMAN PRAKTIK KLINIS MAHASISWA KEPERAWATAN DI INTENSIVE CARE UNIT (ICU): STUDI KUALITATIF: Clinical Practice Experience of Nursing Students in Intensive Care Unit (ICU): Qualitative Study. Jurnal Ilmiah Keperawatan (Scientific Journal of Nursing), 9(5), 517-524. https://doi.org/10.33023/jikep.v9i5.1425