Determinants of Incident Hypoglycemia in Patients with Diabetes type 2: Literature Review


  • Zaqqi Ubaidillah UMM
  • Desy Ayu Permata Sari
  • Erma Wahyu Mashfufa



Hypoglycemia, Factors, Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus


Background: Hypoglycemia occurs when the blood sugar level is <70 mg / dl in the presence of clinical symptoms. This is an acute complication of diabetes mellitus. (Riskesdes 2014), obtained the data that diabetes type 2 is 90% of all diabetes. In 2017, diabetes mellitus in Indonesia increased by 1.4%. As many as 10% -30% had hypoglycemia with a mortality rate of 3% -4% (Diabetes mellitus type 1). Meanwhile, 1.2% incidence in type 2 diabetes mellitus. Therefore, the aim is to investigate the factors that influence the incidence of hypoglycemia in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients. In order to further help improve the optimal management of hypoglycemia. Method: Literature study from 16 international journals with the inclusion criteria of ages 45-90 years, full text journals, and ranges for the years 2016-2020, hypoglycemia, type 2 diabetes. Data based on data published article by NCBI and Google Scholar. Data were analyzed with descriptive analysis. Results: Age, Gender, Use of Sulfonylurea, Knowledge, Body Mass Index, Kidney Function, History of Hypoglycemia, Exercise / Physical Activity, Diet and Diabetes Duration were factors that the researchers found. Conclusion: Data obtained on several factors hypoglycemia. These factors include age, gender, use of sulfonylureas, knowledge of hypoglycemia, body mass index, decreased kidney function, history of hypoglycemia, exercise / physical activity, diet (delaying or skipping meals), and duration of diabetes.




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How to Cite

Ubaidillah, Z., Sari, D. A. P. ., & Mashfufa, E. W. . (2021). DETERMINAN INSIDEN HIPOGLIKEMIA PADA PASIEN DIABETES MELLITUS TIPE 2: STUDI LITERATUR: Determinants of Incident Hypoglycemia in Patients with Diabetes type 2: Literature Review. Jurnal Ilmiah Keperawatan (Scientific Journal of Nursing), 7(2), 289-295.