BODY IMAGE, PERILAKU MAKAN DAN STATUS GIZI REMAJA

Body Image, Eating Behavior and Nutritional Status in Adolescents

Authors

  • Ni Luh Agustini Purnama STIKES Katolik St. Vincentius a Paulo Surabaya

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33023/jikep.v7i2.850

Keywords:

Body image, Eating behavior, Nutritional status, Adolencents

Abstract

Introduction: Adolescents need balanced nutrition to increase physical growth and development very rapidly. In Indonesia, the nutritional problems in adolescents are complex, namely obesity, malnutrition, and micronutrient deficiencies such as anemia. Adolescent nutritional status is influenced by various factors such as eating behavior and body image. Objective: This study aims to identify the relationship between eating behavior, body image, and nutritional status of adolescents. Method: The research design used cross-sectional. Respondents were 62 teenagers at SMAK Karitas 3 Surabaya who met the inclusion criteria and was taken using a simple random sampling technique. Eating behavior was assessed using the Eating Behavior Patterns Questionnaire. Body image is assessed by questionnaire and adolescent nutritional status is based on body mass index. Results: The study showed that 56.5% of adolescents had a positive body image, 93.5% of adolescents with healthy eating behavior and 35.5% of nutritional status based on body mass index were in the normal category. Spearman correlation test showed that there was a significant relationship between body image and adolescent nutritional status, with a negative correlation (p = 0.0001, r = -0.447). There was no relationship between eating behavior and nutritional status of adolescents (p=0.711). Conclusion: Body image is related to nutritional status, where the increase in nutritional status will be followed by a decrease in body image. Although the eating behavior of adolescents is healthy, they still experience nutritional status disorders, namely overweight and obesity, so further research needs to be done regarding other factors such as a physical activity that can affect the nutritional status of adolescents

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Almatsier, S., Soetardjo, S., & Soekatri, M. (2011). Gizi Seimbang dalam Daur Kehidupan. Jakarta: PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kementerian Kesehatan RI. (2013). Riset Kesehatan Dasar (Riskesdas 2013). Jakarta: Kementerian Kesehatan RI.

Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kementerian Kesehatan RI. (2018). Laporan Nasional Riskesdas 2018. Jakarta: Kementerian Kesehatan RI. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781107415324.004

Bimantara, M. D., Adriani, M., & Suminar, D. R. (2019). Hubungan Citra Tubuh dengan Status Gizi pada Siswi di SMA Negeri 9 Surabaya The Relationship between Body Image and Nutritional Status of Female Students in Senior High School 9 Surabaya. Amerta Nutr, 85–88. https://doi.org/10.2473/amnt.v3i2.2019.85-88

Citerawati, Y. W., Susanti, N., & Rahima, D. (2017). Proses Asuhan Gizi Terstandar Komunitas. Yogyakarta: Trans Medika.

Febriani, R. T. (2018). Analisis Faktor Yang Mempengaruhi Status Gizi Lebih Remaja Di Kota Malang. Universitas Jember.

Fikawati, S., Syafiq, A., & Veratamala, A. (2017). Gizi Anak dan Remaja. Depok: PT Raja Grafindo Persada.

Hatta, H. (2019). Hubungan Konsumsi Fast Food Dengan Status Gizi Siswa Di SMP Negeri 1 Limboto Barat. Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat, 4(2), 41–46. https://doi.org/10.31943/afiasi.v4i2.60

Hendarini, A. T. (2018). Pengaruh Body Image dan Kebiasaan Makan dengan Status Gizi di SMAN 1 Kampar Tahun 2017. Jurnal Gizi, 2(2), 138–145.

Imtihani, T. R., & Noer, E. R. (2013). Hubungan Pengetahuan, Uang Saku, Dan Peer Group Dengan Frekuensi Konsumsi Makanan Cepat Saji Pada Remaja Putri. Journal of Nutrition College, 2(1), 162–169. https://doi.org/10.14710/jnc.v2i1.2112

Indrasari, O. R., & Sutikno, E. (2020). Faktor Yang Mempengaruhi Status Gizi Remaja Usia 16-18 Tahun. Jurnal Kesehatan Indonesia (The Indonesian Journal of Health), X(3), 128–132.

Listarina, M. (2013). Hubungan Antara Pola Makan Dan Perilaku Makan Dengan Status Gizi Mahasiswa S1 Fakultas Non Kesehatan Universitas Gadjah Mada. Gadjah Mada Yogyakarta.

Mardalena, I. (2017). Dasar-DasarIlmu Gizi Dalam Keperawatan. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Baru Press.

Nomate, E. S., Nur, M. L., & Toy, S. M. (2017). Hubungan Teman Sebaya, Citra Tubuh Dan Pola Konsumsi Dengan Status Gizi Remaja Putri. Unnes Journal of Public Health, 6(3).

Nur Amalia, R., Sulastri, D., & Semiarty, R. (2016). Hubungan Konsumsi Junk Food dengan Status Gizi Lebih pada Siswa SD Pertiwi 2 Padang. Jurnal Kesehatan Andalas, 5(1), 185–190. https://doi.org/10.25077/jka.v5i1.466

Press, D. (2015). Weight status and body image perceptions in adolescents?: current perspectives, 149–158.

Pritasari, Damayanti, D., & Lestari, N. T. (2017). Gizi Dalam Daur Kehidupan. Jakarta: Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia.

Proverawati, A., & Wati, E. K. (2011). Ilmu Gizi Untuk Keperawatan dan Gizi Kesehatan. Yogyakarta: Nuha Medika.

Purnama, N. L. A. (2020). Perilaku makan dan status gizi remaja. Jurnal Penelitian Kesehatan, 7(2), 57–62. Retrieved from http://www.jurnal.stikvinc.ac.id/index.php/jpk/article/view/172

Rahayu, A. (2012). Hubungan Antara Citra Tubuh Dengan Perilaku Makan. Universitas Gadjah Mada.

Santana, L. P., R, R. D. C., Ana, M. O., Rosa, M., Ester, P. C., Pinto, D. J., … Salvador, E. N. (2013). Factors associated with body image dissatisfaction among adolescents in public schools students in Salvador , Brazil. https://doi.org/10.3305/nh.2013.28.3.6281

Sudargo, T., Freitag, H., & Rosiyani, F. (2014). Pola Makan dan Obesitas. Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press.

Sulistyoningsih, H. (2012). Gizi untuk Kesehatan Ibu dan Anak. Yogyakarta: Graha Ilmu.

Supariasa, I. D. N. (2013). Pendidikan dan Konsultasi Gizi. Jakarta: EGC.

Widianti, N., & Candra, A. K. (2012). Hubungan Antara Body Image dan Perilaku Makan Dengan Status Gizi Remaja Putri Di SMA Theresiana Semarang. Journal of Nutrition College, 1(1), 398–404.

Wijaya, U. L., Widjanarko, B., & Indraswari, R. (2020). Faktor-Faktor Yang Berhubungan Dengan Perilaku Makan Berisiko Gizi Lebih Pada Remaja Sma Di Kota Semarang. Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat, 8(3), 426–431.

Wulandary, H., Tasnim, & Sulfianti. (2020). Gizi dan Kesehatan. Jakarta: Yayasan Kita Menulis.

Yusintha, A. N. (2018). Hubungan Antara Perilaku Makan dan Citra Tubuh dengan Status Gizi Remaja Putri Usia 15-18 Tahun Relationship between Eating Behavior and Body Image with Nutritional Status of Adolescent Girl Age 15-18 Years, 147–154. https://doi.org/10.20473/amnt.v2.i2.2018.147-154

Zaccagni, L., Masotti, S., Donati, R., Mazzoni, G., & Gualdi-russo, E. (2014). Body image and weight perceptions in relation to actual measurements by means of a new index and level of physical activity in Italian university students, 1–8.

Published

2021-10-01

How to Cite

Purnama, N. L. A. . (2021). BODY IMAGE, PERILAKU MAKAN DAN STATUS GIZI REMAJA: Body Image, Eating Behavior and Nutritional Status in Adolescents. Jurnal Ilmiah Keperawatan (Scientific Journal of Nursing), 7(2), 351-358. https://doi.org/10.33023/jikep.v7i2.850